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The Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser Featured

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The Black Obelisk of Shalmanser III The Black Obelisk of Shalmanser III

Discovered in 1846 by British archaeologist Henry Layard during his excavations of the site of Kalhu, the ancient Assyrian capital. 

This black limestone obelisk glorifies the achievements of King Shalmaneser III.

It lists the Assyrians' military campaigns of thirty-one years and the tribute they exacted from their neighbours.

There are five scenes of tribute, each of which occupies four panels round the face of the obelisk and is identified by a line of cuneiform script above the panel.

From top to bottom they are:
Sua of Gilzanu (in north-west Iran) Jehu of Bit Omri (ancient northern Israel)An unnamed ruler of Musri (probably Egypt) Marduk-apil-usur of Suhi (middle Euphrates, Syria and Iraq)Qalparunda of Patin (Antakya region of Turkey)
The second register from the top is the Biblical Jehu, king of Israel, who submitted to Assyria.

The caption above the scene, written in Assyrian cuneiform, says:

The tribute of Jehu, son of Omri: I received from him silver, gold, a golden bowl, a golden vase with pointed bottom, golden tumblers, golden buckets, tin, a staff for a king [and] spears.


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